passive ADJECTIVE 1) accepting or allowing what happens or what others do, without active response or resistance. 2) Grammar (of verbs) in which the subject undergoes the action of the verb (e.g. they were killed as opposed to the active form he killed them). 3) (of a circuit or device) containing no source of energy or electromotive force. 4) Chemistry unreactive because of a thin inert surface layer of oxide.
NOUN Grammar a passive form of a verb.
DERIVATIVES passively adverb passiveness noun passivity noun.
ORIGIN Latin passivus, from pati 'suffer' .

English terms dictionary. 2015.

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